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Alfonso Caycedo, Founder of Sophrology

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Sophrology Founder Dr Alfonso Caycedo


Sophrology was founded by Professor Alfonso Caycedo in 1960. The meaning of Sophrology is a “study of consciousness in harmony”.

Professor Alfonso Caycedo was an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the Medical School of Barcelona and a doctor, neurologist and psychiatrist at Barcelona Hospital Clinic.

Born in Colombia, Professor Caycedo travelled the world in search of new answers to provide better mental health care.

He thought that in modern society people are more concerned about the external world and society was too influenced by conditioning and more research was needed into practices such as meditation to bring a sense of calm and balance.

How Sophrology Was Formed

Professor Caycedo wanted to find an alternative form of therapy for psychiatric patients to avoid traumatic interventions like electroshock therapy. He spent his lifetime studying the human consciousness and how it can change its states and development.

Striving to offer a gentle therapeutic approach to his patients, Caycedo drew from his experience as a neuropsychiatrist, his studies into Greek philosophy, phenomenology and autogenic training, and his travels to India, Tibet and Japan to study yoga, Zen and Buddhism.

In order to bring more harmony, Sophrology works on consciousness using a scientific and medical approach to allow patients to have a better quality of life. Caycedo coined the term “Sophrology” in 1960 and created the first Sophrology clinic in Madrid in the same year.

Consciousness, according to Caycedo, brings together all the elements that make life meaningful.

In Sophrology, there are three types of consciousness:

Pathological Consciousness

When there is an element of disease or instability.

Ordinary Consciousness

The day-to-day way of being without much awareness

Sophronic Consciousness

When there is an enhanced state of consciousness brought about by meditation, self-awareness, feelings of harmony and balance.

The aim of Sophrology is to bring the Sophronic state to the forefront of our being and maintain a sense of balance and wellbeing. This in turn generates positive emotions and a generally more positive outlook in life.

The practice of Sophrology allows its students to create transformation by positively engaging with body or mind: the Sophrology technique is based on;

  • Noticing sensations
  • Creating positive visualisations & attitudes
  • Reinforcing gestures regularly

As you progress in your practice, you can reach a more profound connection with your body and your mind and discover a new reality.

The use of dynamic relaxation is the main pillar and the protocols used for each client are very specific and tailored. The levels of awareness are reached by taking into account how the client feels after each session: ideally, the person who is practising Sophrology should share or write down their sensations and feelings, particularly with regards to any changes they feel internally, both about themselves and about the external world. It is called phenodescription.

Professor Caycedo and His Research

Caycedo studied hypnosis and relaxation techniques, in particular, he further explored autogenic training, a relaxation discipline that uses self-suggestion, developed by Johannes Heinrich Schultz.

Professor Caycedo travelled to Switzerland in the 1960s and met Professor Ludwig Binswanger, a phenomenological psychiatrist. Travelling further afield to India and Japan, Professor Caycedo learned about Buddhism, Yoga and Zen discipline.

Between the late 1960s and the early 1980s, Professor Caycedo worked in Barcelona at the Faculty of Medicine. During that time Caycedo developed the Sophrology technique further and embarked on a programme to popularise it.

During the 1980s Caycedo also focused on social responsibility and travelled back to his native Colombia to set up a charity making Sophrology available to disadvantaged people and to inaugurate an international Sophrology school.

By the late 1980s Sophrology started taking different forms and different directions, which concerned Professor Caycedo who wanted to keep the original Sophrology philosophy as true and consistent as possible.

In November 1988 he led the 4th Sophrology World Congress in Andorra. Caycedo noticed that Sophrology was becoming splintered and its identity was getting lost. As a result, Caycedian Sophrology was born as a discipline to retain the essence of Sophrology.

From 1992 onwards Caycedian schools were founded around Europe, notably France, Spain, Switzerland, Portugal, Italy and Belgium.

During the 1990s Professor Caycedo worked on creating a structure for Sophrology, which is now the current form with 12 levels or degrees.

Sophrology in Today’s Society

More than fifty years have passed since Sophrology was first founded and it is still as relevant as it was in the 1960s. In fact, Sophrology is still in its infancy; from being a strictly medical treatment Sophrology has expanded and is now applied to various fields including sports performance and education.

In today’s society Sophrology can be a valuable tool to help deal with stress, deal with health issues, prepare for birth, and give guidance for self-awareness and self-development. There is still so much more to explore about Sophrology, both in terms of Sophrology’s potential and in terms of uncovering our own inner resources.

Professor Caycedo’s daughter Natalia Caycedo carries on the work of her father. Now a Doctor in Psychiatry and Neuropsychology who leads the International Academy of Caycedian Sophrology; she founded Sofrocay, an association dedicated to the study and promotion of Caycedian Sophrology.

“Sophrology is a science studying consciousness in its balanced state, a discipline to develop an individual’s values, inspired from existential phenomenology.” – Natalia Caycedo

BeSophro’s Founder Dominique’s Journey

Dominique started Sophrology at a very young. age By 20 years old, she had intensively practised the 12 levels of Sophrology and it had completely changed her mindset.

“It was after many years I decided to train to become a Caycedian Sophrologist. I studied first in Switzerland with Raymond Abrezol and then I knew that I wanted to continue my training with Alfonso Caycedo. I remember feeling a mix of huge excitement and worry about meeting him.

When I finally attended my first lecture with him, I discovered someone totally dedicated to his creation and who really believed in the infinite resource that consciousness is. A highly scientific researcher, fully grounded but also who was able to see beyond, to bring his vision for the world, a clearly knowledgeable man.

He was very courteous and I always found that his eyes were a mix of mystery and gentleness, the mystery that you often find in those who know, whose lives have given them a kind of wisdom.

His voice had a very low pitch that immediately allowed you to connect deeply, and his ‘terpnos logos’ (the way Sophrologists call the way they talk to the client through the practice) was straight to the point. He wasn’t afraid of repeating the same words in the same rhythm, a bit like a mantra, allowing us to explore the very deepest part of our consciousness.

Being guided by the person who is at the source of the method was an amazing experience and I feel very fortunate to have crossed his path.”


After Dominique’s privilege of training with Alfonso Caycedo, she went on to launch BeSophro and has also co-founded The Sophrology Network, where Sophrologists from different backgrounds and training work together to raise awareness around the benefits of Sophrology, in the spirit that we, as practitioners, are all continuously expanding our knowledge and need each other’s support to thrive.

If you are interested in starting your Sophrology journey, then why not try one of our online courses? We have tailored courses for;

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